Translated by Robert Bononno
Foreword by Stuart Elden
Minnesota Press 2017.
One of the most
influential Marxist theorists of the twentieth century, Henri Lefebvre first
published Marxist Thought and the City in French in 1972,
marking a pivotal point in his evolution as a thinker and an important
precursor to his groundbreaking work of urban sociology, The Production
of Space. Marxist Thought and the City—inwhich he reviews the
work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels for commentary and analysis on the life
and growth of the city—now appears in English for the first time.
Rooted in orthodox
Marxism’s analyses of capitalism and the capitalist mode of production, with
extensive quotations from the works of Marx and Engels, this book describes the
city’s transition from life under feudalism to modern industrial capitalism. In
doing so it highlights the various forces that sought to maintain power in the
struggles between the medieval aristocracy and the urban guilds, amid the
growth of banking and capital.
background and supplementary material to Lefebvre’s other books, including The
Urban Revolution and Right to the City, Marxist Thought and
the City is indispensable for students and scholars of urbanism,
Marxism, social geography, early modern history, and the history of economic
Maps & MappingPosted by Les Roberts 18 Jan, 2017 13:02:40 A Cartographic Turn: Mapping and the Spatial Challenge in Social Sciences Jacques Lévy (ed.) EPFL Press (2016)
The Cartographic Turn contains contributions on maps and cartography from multiple authors from various disciplines: geography, demography, cartography, art theory, architecture and philosophy. While such diversity could imply that this book is a collection of independent contributions gathered only by their topic, this impression would be misleading. Rather, this book develops four simple propositions that actually can be streamlined into a single concept expressed through four different perspectives. Above all, maps convey rational, aesthetic, ethical and personal messages, at times separately but more often in unison, and this mix offers ample fields for studying social complexity. Beyond that, maps are, by their very existence, both representations of pre-existing spaces and creations of new spaces. Consequently, the historical or anthropological analysis of maps as semantic objects should be connected to the production of new maps, namely those that take advantage of the powerful tools provided by digital technology. Finally, the issues of contemporary mapping should be read in light of recent innovations within social sciences on space. Before this cartographic turn, technicians, historians, users and exegetes were distinct and decidedly turned away from each other.The era of the singular engineer-designed map is past. Maps have gained many new actors, and these actors are critical thinkers. This book would modestly like to contribute to a durable association between mapping and reflexivity. Cartographers, historians of cartography, geographers, visual scientists and artists, social scientists as well as advanced students in these disciplines will appreciate and benefit from reading The Cartographic Turn. Contents
Foreword (Rob Kitchin)
Introduction: Mapping Is Thinkable, Thinking Is Mappable (Jacques Lévy)
Part 1: Map as Resource – When Maps Reflect (Christian Jacob) – Maps in Perspective, What can philosophy learn from experimental maps in contemporary art? (Patrice Maniglier) – The Cartographic Dimension of Contemporary Art (Marie-Ange Brayer) – What the Atlas Does to the Map (Elsa Chavinier, Carole Lanoix, Jacques Lévy and Véronique Mauron)
Part 2: Map as Language – Space for Reason (Jacques Lévy)
Cartographic Semiosis: Reality as Representation (Emanuela Casti) – Doing the Right Map? Cognitive and/or Ethical Choices (Jacques Lévy and Elsa Chavinier)
Part 3: Where Are We on the Map? – Mapping Ethics (Jacques Lévy) – A Reappraisal of the Ecological Fallacy – Mapping Otherness (Emanuela Casti) – Mapping the Global Mobile Space: The Nomadic Space as Sample (Denis Retaillé)
Part 4: Who is the Author of this Map? – ‘My’ Maps? On Maps and their Authors (Patrick Poncet) – Lost in Transduction: From Digital Footprints to Urbanity – Augmented Reality and the Place of Dreams (André Ourednik)
At its heart, this is a film about risk. It is about what we stand to lose in the course of a colossal social transformation reflected in the way our cities are being re-designed. A stroll in central London will show you what this transformation entails. Developers and politicians are building a new skyline, and with it, bearing a new standard of living costs. While recognising that change is inevitable, this film asks: what do we risk losing as this transformation unfolds?
In asking this question, a portrait is painted of a market in Tottenham, north London, called the Seven Sisters Indoor Market. On face value, it is a fairly common market, with numerous and diverse businesses sit side-by-side vying for custom. Looking more closely, it’s evident that it also doubles as an informal cultural centre for immigrants from Latin America, Africa, and elsewhere. This, too, is common enough among various parts of London and cities like it.
Upon closer reflection, however – and it is this reflection that the film attempts – a brilliance emerges. It is a brilliance in which public and private, social and commercial, native and foreign, are merged into a social attitude of inclusiveness - an example of humanity exceptionally embedded into urban space. It is a market imbued with a ‘living room’ feeling made up of informality and spontaneous cosmopolitanism. Imagine trying to cross a corridor amid multilingual chatter, and being blocked by a child practicing karate.
This portrait is painted using hybrid film language that borrows from documentary and fiction styles, as well as ethnographic modes of representation. At times, past and present are merged in the course of invoking personal stories of migration. At other times, static shots allow stories to unfold before the camera, resulting in a language as spontaneous as the spirit of the market itself.
The story of the Seven Sisters Indoor Market is a reminder of what is possible in a city, as well of what we risk losing through the systematic dismantling of the conditions that keep it open.
This emergent conflict is not passive – in this particular site, you may join the members of the Ward’s Corner Community Coalition in their struggle to preserve the market. The first step towards organised resistance, however, is a reflection triggered.
It’s this reflection on risk that this documentary offers.
Spatial HumanitiesPosted by Les Roberts 18 Jan, 2017 12:44:27 Cultural Turns: New Orientations in the Study of Culture Doris Bachmann-Medick. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter, 2016. ISBN 978-3-11-040297-1.
https://www.degruyter.com/viewbooktoc/product/433816The contemporary fields of the study of culture, the humanities and the
social sciences are unfolding in a dynamic constellation of cultural
turns. This book provides a comprehensive overview of these
theoretically and methodologically groundbreaking reorientations. It
discusses the value of the new focuses and their analytical categories
for the work of a wide range of disciplines. In addition to chapters on
the interpretive, performative, reflexive, postcolonial, translational,
spatial and iconic/pictorial/visual turns, it discusses emerging
directions of research. Drawing on a wealth of international
research, this book maps central topics and approaches in the study of
culture and thus provides systematic impetus for changed disciplinary
and transdisciplinary research in the humanities and beyond - e.g. in
the fields of sociology, economics and the study of religion.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Cultural Turns - New Orientations in the Study of Culture 1-37 Chapter I: The Interpretive Turn 39-71 Chapter II: The Performative Turn 73-101 Chapter III: The Reflexive/Literary Turn 103-130 Chapter IV: The Postcolonial Turn 131-173 Chapter V: The Translational Turn 175-209 Chapter VI: The Spatial Turn 211-243 Chapter VII: The Iconic Turn/Pictorial Turn 245-278 Outlook: Are the Cultural Turns Leading to a Turn in the Humanities and Study of Culture? 279-298
Maps & MappingPosted by Les Roberts 18 Jan, 2017 11:51:16 The Forbidden City to Convict's Landing: rare early city maps – in pictures
From London when it had only one bridge, to a pictorial rendition of Sir Francis Drake’s invasion of Santo Domingo, these global city maps date back to the 1500s and are taken from Great City Maps, published by DK.
New Town Utopia is a documentary feature film that explores the original utopian dreams of a post-war British New Town – Basildon, Essex - and compares this to the modern concrete reality. We're close to finishing production, and after four years of serious hard work, have hundreds of hours of footage ready to be crafted into a poetic, challenging film.
It is a meditation on British social history that asks the question: do people make the place… or does a place make the people?
This collection draws on the Mobilities approach to look afresh at notions of the sacred where they intersect with people, objects and other things on the move. Consideration of a wide range of spiritual meanings and practices also sheds light on the motivations and experiences associated with particular mobilities. Drawing on rich, situated case studies, this multi-disciplinary collection discusses what mobility in the social sciences, arts and humanities can tell us about movements and journeys prompted by religious, more broadly ’spiritual’ and 'secular-sacred' practices and priorities. Problematizing the fixity of sacred places and times as territorially and temporally bounded entities that exist in opposition to ’profane’ everyday life, this collection looks at the intersection between the embodied-emotional-spiritual experience of places, travel, belief-practices and communities. It is this geographically-informed perspective on the interleaving of religious/ spiritual/ secular notions of the sacred with the material and more-than-representational attributes of associated mobilities and related practices which constitutes this volume’s original contribution to the field.
Rhythmanalysis - Theories and Methodologies
by Yi Chen (London College of Communication, University of
This book explores rhythmanalysis as a philosophy and as a
research method for the study of cultural historical experiences. It formulates
'rhythm' as a critical concept which is defined in dialogic relationships to
intellectual traditions, yet introducing unique philosophical positions that
serve to re-think ways of conceiving and addressing cultural political issues.
Engaging with the notion of 'conjunctural shift', which for Stuart Hall
captures the ruptured social landscape of Britain in the 1970s, the book then
puts the method of rhythmanalysis to work by testifying the changing cultural
experiences in rhythmic terms. This particular rhythmanalytical project
instantiates while opening up ways of using rhythmanalysis for exploring
cultural historical experiences.
Edited by Ruth Heholt and Niamh Downing | Pages
256 | Size 9.00 x 6.00
Series: Place, Memory, Affect
Examines the concept of landscape as a multitude of places
and spaces haunted by spectres, memory, trauma and nostalgia in literature, art
and film from Victorian times to the present.
Haunted Landscapes offers a fresh and innovative approach to
contemporary debates about landscape and the supernatural. Landscapes are often
uncanny spaces embroiled in the past; associated with absence, memory and
nostalgia. Yet experiences of haunting must in some way always belong to the
present: they must be felt. This collection of essays opens up new and
compelling areas of debate around the concepts of haunting, affect and
landscape. Landscape studies, supernatural studies, haunting and memory are all
rapidly growing fields of enquiry and this book synthesises ideas from several
critical approaches – spectral, affective and spatial – to provide a new route
into these subjects. Examining urban and rural landscapes, haunted domestic
spaces, landscapes of trauma, and borderlands, this collection of essays is
designed to cross disciplines and combine seemingly disparate academic
approaches under the coherent locus of landscape and haunting. Presenting a
timely intervention in some of the most pressing scholarly debates of our time,
Haunted Landscapes offers an attractive array of essays that cover topics from
Victorian times to the present.
"Geografía y cine” compiles a varied series of works produced by a group of researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, interested in the study of relations between the geographical and filmic space. Particular attention is given, on the one hand, to the way the film uses the geographical space as support for shooting locations and, secondly, to the subsequent dissemination of images from the exhibition of films. That is why mapping these filming locations is an essential step for any analytical study. A task that this group of researchers is carrying out in recent years and that, in the case of the Autonomous Community of Madrid, is displayed through an interactive map called MadridMovieMap.
This interdisciplinary conference aims to provide an open,
creative space in which to explore the power of autoethnographic work as
expressed through its heterogeneous practices, productions and performances.
What happens when we begin to take our experiences of the worlds we inhabit
seriously and to give reflexive and diffractive voice, through manifold
creative means, to that experience? What resonances do we find with other
narratives and voices articulating experiences from other spheres? How does
voicing experience speak to and challenge the larger structures within which we
live? And how do these different spheres shape, in turn, the quality and style
of voices being expressed – their tone, mode of expression, fluency and
The conference seeks to explore the power of
autoethnographic work, as expressed, for instance, in dynamics of resistance,
critique, healing or assistance.
We invite proposals for papers, presentations, performances
and other creative works.
We are inviting abstract submissions for a one-day symposium entitled Archiving the City/ City as Archive. This event, hosted by the Centre for Modern Studies, considers the cultural forms through which the modern city is archived. It examines the different ways—via institutions, public art, collective practice, and more—in which urban history and memory are organised and presented in contemporary culture. It also engages with how the spaces and architecture of the city may themselves present an archive, offering up reminders of social and cultural processes, imaginaries, struggles and events.
The symposium critically engages with Henri Lefebvre’s (2014) argument that the reign of the city is ending; that the city now only exists as an image and an idea. In addition, the gentrification and museification of the historic urban core reveals, at least in part, the deep sense of loss through which that the modern metropolis is increasingly remembered. This connects more broadly with Derrida’s (1996) notion of ‘archive fever’, which, he understands, is part of a compulsive, repetitive culture; a ‘homesickness’ born of a ‘nostalgic desire to return to the origin’ (ibid: 167). As such, the symposium is interested in perspectives that make links between contemporary archiving processes (both formal and informal), city museums, visual culture, heritage urbanism, ‘authenticity’ and the cultural regeneration of historic urban spaces. Particularly welcome are proposals that critically examine the ways in which the city is archived to create the impression of a post-conflictual present or in ways that make the city a more exclusive or restricted place. In addition, we welcome abstracts that explore how archiving the city can, in ways reminiscent of Benjamin’s Arcades Project, reveal the immediacy and fragmentary nature of metropolitan experience. The symposium will take an open-minded and critical approach to understanding how, why and where the modern city is archived and what such processes reveal about history, memory, social conflict and urban imaginaries.
Abstracts of no longer than 250 words to be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org by 5pm on Friday January 6th. We especially welcome abstracts from postgraduate and doctoral students.
Confirmed external speakers include Rebecca Madgin (University of Glasgow) and Graeme Gilloch (University of Lancaster).
Derrida, J. (1996) Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. Chicago: Chicago University Press Lefebvre, H. (2014) ‘Dissolving city, planetary metamorphosis’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 32: 199-202
is one of the oldest forms of media. In both cartography and media,
meaning, ideology, and power are habitually arbitrated across and
through space and time. While critical cartographers
have shed light on mapping’s innate tendency toward the objectification
of spatial relations, a (masculine) gaze that it cannot disown, these
same power relations are equally embedded in media’s voyeuristic and
controlling tendencies. Media, moreover, in
all its diverse forms, has an underlying mapping impulse – a proclivity
to comprehend itself and be rendered comprehensible through metaphors
of topologies, networks, and flows that lead to the constant evacuation
of spaces in order to produce places of communication.
This mapping impulse is hardly new, but rather has been part of media
all along. Visual media, for instance, developed out of a mapping
impulse during the Renaissance, which led to the scopic regimes of
projectionism and perspectivalism and their related
technologies. Both media and cartography are never static, but rather
are ongoing scopic and discursive regimes that continually make and
remake the terms in which we understand and interact with our world.
the mapping impulse of media is both overt and subtle. Think, for
instance, of the subtle duplicity of Hollywood’s runaway productions,
which creatively map Toronto as the “other” New
York, Romania as North Carolina, or South Africa as California.
Developments in mobile computing have not only increased the pace, flow,
and interaction of media across space, but also the ubiquity, and thus
the taken-for-grantedness, of mapping. More and
more, owing to the practices of the neogeographers of the Geoweb, media
requires a geographical situatedness in which and for which media can
take place. Here, locative media relies on programming languages and
APIs to construct geo-fencing, geo-tagging,
and geo-coding and to produce applications and services that localize
and individualize information to one’s liminal, transitory, and fleeting
lived space. Consider, for example, the ways in which (geo)web 2.0
unites one’s virtual and physical presence (if
such a distinction can be made) via services such as FourSquare or
Facebook check-ins that announce one’s whereabouts to friends and
collection of papers we seek to illuminate media’s mapping impulse by
exploring the relationship between cartography, geospatial technologies,
and locative media on the one hand, and new
and traditional media forms such as social media, mobile apps,
television, film, and music, on the other.
Media’s Mapping Impulse will be an international and
interdisciplinary gathering of essays to be printed in the acclaimed
Media Geography at Mainz (MGM) book series (www.geo.uni-mainz.de/mgm).
and areas of focus for this book include, but are not limited to:
montage and bricolage; the cartographic paradox and cartographic
anxiety; the spatial turn in media studies; GIS as media and the use of
GIS to understand media; sensorial cartographies, sound
and musical maps; cinematic cartographies; locative media, mobile apps,
and the everyday; sharing economies (AirBnB, Couch Surfing, Uber) and
the map; architectonics, spatial mobilities, haptical and emotional
cartographies; urban planning, media and the revisualization
interested in participating should send an extended abstract (750-1,000
words), along with a curriculum vitae and contact information, to Laura
with the subject line “Media’s Mapping Impulse.” We ask that all proposals be submitted on or before
September 15th, 2015. Responses to these proposals will be returned by
November 1st, 2015. If selected, full papers will be expected on or before
March 31, 2015. A blind review will be conducted on all papers. Final papers will be due no later than
June 1, 2016. All authors selected for the final collection will
be welcome to attend the “Media’s Mapping Impulse” symposium to be held
Institute of Geography at the Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz in June 2016.
Digital SpacesPosted by Les Roberts 14 Aug, 2015 15:43:26 Digital Cities: The Interdisciplinary Future of the Urban Geo-Humanities Benjamin Fraser (Palgrave Pivot, 2015) Digital Cities stakes claim to an interdisciplinary terrain where the humanities and social sciences combine with digital methods. Part I: Layers of the Interdisciplinary City converts a century of urban thinking into concise insights destined for digital application. Part II: Disciplinary/Digital Debates and the Urban Phenomenon delves into the bumpy history and uneven present landscape of interdisciplinary collaboration as they relate to digital urban projects. Part III: Toward a Theory of Digital Cities harnesses Henri Lefebvre's capacious urban thinking and articulation of urban 'levels' to showcase where 'deep maps' and 'thick mapping' might take us. Benjamin Fraser argues that while disciplinary frictions still condition the potential of digital projects, the nature of the urban phenomenon pushes us toward an interdisciplinary and digital future where the primacy of cities is assured.
Locative Social Media offers a critical analysis of the effect of using locative social media on the perceptions and phenomenal experience of lived in spaces and places. It includes a comprehensive overview of the historical development of traditional mapping and global positioning technology to smartphone-based application services that incorporate social networking features as a series of modes of understanding place. Drawing on users accounts of the location-based social network Foursquare, a digital post-phenomenology of place is developed to explain how place is mediated in the digital age. This draws upon both the phenomenology of Martin Heidegger and post-phenomenology to encompass the materiality and computationality of the smartphone. The functioning and surfacing of place by the device and application, along with the orientation of the user, allows for a particular experiencing of place when using locative social media termed attunement, in contrast to an instrumentalist conception of place.
Media are incorporated into our physical environments more dramatically than ever before - literally opening up new spaces of interactivity and connection that transform the experience of being in the city. Public gatherings and movement, even the capabilities of democratic ideology, have been redefined. Urban Screens, mobile media, new digital mappings, and ambient and pervasive media have all created new ecologies in cities. How do we analyze these new spaces? Recognition of the mutual histories and research programs of urban and media studies is only the beginning. Cartographies of Place develops new vocabularies and methodologies for engaging with the distinctive situations and experiences created by media technologies which are reshaping, augmenting, and expanding urban spaces. The book builds upon the rich traditions and insights of a post-war generation of humanist scholars, media theorists, and urban planners. Authors engage with different historical and contemporary currents in urban studies which share a common concern for media forms, either as research tools or as the means for discerning the expressive nature of city spaces around the world. All of the media considered here are not simply "free floating," but are deeply embedded in the geopolitical, economic, and material contexts in which they are used. Cartographies of Place is exemplary of a new direction in interdisciplinary media scholarship, opening up new ways of studying the complexities of cities and urban media in a global context.